Particle beams require extremely low pressure in the pipes in which they travel to maximise beam lifetimes and minimise backgrounds in physics detectors. This challenge drives much of today’s vacuum R&D towards simulating, controlling and mitigating the direct and indirect effects of particle beams on material surfaces. CERN brings surface-physics specialists, thin-film coating experts and galvanic-treatment professionals, together with designers and others dedicated to the operation of large vacuum equipment. This makes it one of the world’s leading R&D centres for extreme vacuum technology, for projects at CERN and beyond.
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Paolo Chiggiato describes the unparalleled vacuum developments that underpin CERN’s science.
In the summer of 1960, the Courier compared and contrasted the 600 MeV Synchrocyclotron and the 28 GeV Proton Synchrotron
This article from July 1969 looked into the future of very high voltage in vacuum.
With construction of the Super Proton Synchrotron in full swing, the May 1975 issue of the Courier published a progress report on its vacuum and radio-frequency systems.
Résumé MAX IV ouvre la voie pour un microscope à rayons X dernier cri Les sources synchrotron de rayons X de troisième génération ont révolutionné l’étude de la structur...
While the 27 km tunnel for the LEP electron–positron collider at CERN was being prepared, the Courier described non-evaporable getters used for its vacuum system.
The May 1994 issue of the Courier featured an article by Oscar Barbalat about the industrial benefits of particle accelerators.
The 1998 EPS-IGA prize for outstanding work in the accelerator field was awarded to CERN’s Cris Benvenuti for “major breakthroughs in achieving ultra-high vacua in storage ring...