Particle beams require extremely low pressure in the pipes in which they travel to maximise beam lifetimes and minimise backgrounds in physics detectors. This challenge drives much of today’s vacuum R&D towards simulating, controlling and mitigating the direct and indirect effects of particle beams on material surfaces. CERN brings surface-physics specialists, thin-film coating experts and galvanic-treatment professionals, together with designers and others dedicated to the operation of large vacuum equipment. This makes it one of the world’s leading R&D centres for extreme vacuum technology, for projects at CERN and beyond.
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Leybold’s Tom Kammermeier on the German manufacturer’s long-range bet on hyperloop vacuum-based transportation systems.
Paolo Chiggiato and Leonel Ferreira explain the critical role that surface modification plays in big-science vacuum systems.
A pan-European consortium is working towards an international standard for the commercial manufacture of ionisation vacuum gauges.
CERN is home to a unique innovation ecosystem pioneering advances in vacuum science, technology and engineering
ESS vacuum group leader Marcelo Juni Ferreira describes the essential role of vacuum technology in this next-generation neutron-science facility.
In the summer of 1960, the Courier compared and contrasted the 600 MeV Synchrocyclotron and the 28 GeV Proton Synchrotron
With construction of the Super Proton Synchrotron in full swing, the May 1975 issue of the Courier published a progress report on its vacuum and radio-frequency systems.
Novel machine lattice produces brightest ever X-ray beams.
In November 1972, CERN’s Roger Calder described in detail the unprecedented vacuum system of the world’s first hadron collider, the Intersecting Storage Rings.
The May 1994 issue of the Courier featured an article by Oscar Barbalat about the industrial benefits of particle accelerators.