Jonathan Gaunt was recognised for contributions to parton scattering, and Josh Bendavid for his contributions to Higgs physics and parton density functions.
Viatcheslav Mukhanov, Alexei Starobinsky and Rashid Sunyaev share the prize for work on the physics of the cosmic microwave background.
Sally Dawson of Brookhaven National Laboratory has been recognised for her outstanding contributions to the theoretical description of processes at hadron colliders.
A Dutch team will compare electron and positron showers, while a US team will study the properties of scintillators.
Bottomonia are the first hadrons that do not seem to "flow" in heavy-ion collisions at the LHC.
Researchers in the US have demonstrated an advanced accelerator dipole magnet with a field of 14.1 T.
Fermilab has announced the launch of HEPCloud, a step towards a new computing paradigm to deal with the vast quantities of data pouring in from existing and future facilities.
Theorists at Durham University simulated the universe using hydrodynamical simulations in which a scalar field enhances gravitational forces in low-density regions.
Marriage of supersymmetry and general relativity continues to impact theoretical physics.
MedAustron becomes one of six centres worldwide to treat tumours with carbon ions.