Jan 28, 2013
Faces & Places (page 2)
Maldacena and Belyaev receive Pomeranchuk Prize
Juan Maldacena of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and Spartak Belyaev of Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, received the 2012 Pomeranchuk Prize in a ceremony at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) on 11 October. The prize, established by ITEP in 1998 in memory of Isaak Pomeranchuk, is awarded annually to one foreign and one Russian theoretician for outstanding achievements in the field.
Maldacena is honoured for his formulation of duality between string theory in higher space–time dimensions and gauge field theories in four dimensions. This duality has been further generalized to theories with lower supersymmetry and to standard QCD. Its application has proved to be effective for general systems with strong interactions where standard methods of perturbation theory are inadequate.
Belyaev receives the award for outstanding results in quantum many-body theory and their application to nuclear theory. His two papers dated 1958 on interacting Bose gas laid one of the foundations for modern many-body quantum theory. The fundamental "Copenhagen" paper, written during a visit to the Niels Bohr Institute in 1959, established a sound basis for understanding correlations in nuclei. Belyaev presented the full theory of the phenomenon and its manifestations in all nuclear properties – binding, excitation spectra, transition probabilities, collective modes and rotational properties.
Max Klein honoured by Germany and the UK
Max Klein of the University of Liverpool has been awarded the Max Born Medal and prize of the German Physical Society and the UK’s Institute of Physics, for "fundamental experimental contributions to reveal the structure of the proton through deep-inelastic scattering". In particular, as a member of the H1 collaboration at the HERA electron–proton collider at DESY, he played a decisive role in the discovery in the 1990s of a surprisingly large gluon component within the proton.
After studying at Humboldt University in what was then East Berlin and gaining his PhD at the Institute for High Energy Physics in Zeuthen, Klein went to Dubna and joined the Bologna-CERN-Dubna-Munich-Saclay muon experiment. In 1985, he and his team joined the H1 collaboration, which he led between 2002 and 2006, guiding the experiment into a new era of precision measurements of the proton structure and tests of the Standard Model. He joined the University of Liverpool and the ATLAS collaboration in 2006 and currently plays a leading role in the proposal for a Large Hadron Electron Collider (CERN Courier May 2012 p25).
Lucio Rossi is named 2013 IEEE fellow
CERN’s Lucio Rossi has been named a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). He is recognized "for leadership in developing magnetic systems for the LHC". After working on the superconducting cyclotron at Milan University, Rossi was in charge of the construction of the first superconducting dipole prototype for the LHC, in a collaboration between INFN and CERN. He went on to lead the development of the 50 kA superconductor and the construction of the first 25-m-long superconducting coils for the ATLAS detector.
He moved to CERN in 2001 to take charge of the industrialization and construction of the main superconducting magnets for the LHC. Since 2011 he has been head of the High Luminosity LHC project (Superconductivity leads the way to high luminosity).
CERN theorist awarded 2013 Solvay Chair in Physics
Gian Giudice, a theoretical particle physicist at CERN, has been awarded the 2013 Jacques Solvay Chair in Physics. The International Solvay Institutes of Physics and Chemistry were founded by Ernest Solvay in 1912 and 1913, respectively, and merged in 1970. Their aim is to promote the advancement of physics, chemistry and related areas through international collaborations and conferences. The Solvay Chair in Physics has been awarded each year since 2006 to an outstanding scientist with exceptional achievements. These include, to date, two Nobel laureates: David Gross and Serge Haroche. As 2013 winner, Giudice is invited to Brussels for a period of 1–2 months to give lectures on his work – phenomenology of the Standard Model and beyond, as well as cosmology and astroparticle physics – to researchers from international universities.
First prize of Armenian president goes to ALICE member
Armenuhi Abramyan of the A I Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory, Yerevan Physics Institute, and a member of the software team of the ALICE experiment, has received the 2012 first prize from the President of Republic of Armenia as the best Bachelor Student in the field of information technology.
Abramyan receives the award for excellence in academic studies and for her Bachelor Diploma thesis, which presents her work on the development of a series of unified-modelling language diagrams that describe the functionality of the services of AliEn, the Grid infrastructure of the ALICE experiment (CERN Courier April 2012 p31). She was presented with the award by the Armenian president on 4 October.