APS honours particle physicists

The 2006 April meeting of the American Physical Society (APS), held in Dallas, Texas, saw several prizes bestowed on physicists for outstanding contributions in high-energy physics. Sergio Ferrara of CERN, Dan Freedman of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Peter van Nieuwenhuizen of State University New York, Stony Brook, won the prestigious Dannie Heineman Prize for constructing supergravity. Mikhail Shifman of the University of Minnesota received the Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize for his contributions to strong-interaction physics and supersymmetric gauge dynamics. Savas Dimopoulos of Stanford University won the J J Sakurai Prize for his creative ideas on technicolour, supersymmetry and extra dimensions.

Yuri Orlov of Cornell University, a renowned accelerator physicist and human-rights activist, was first to receive the new Andrei Sakharov Prize for his distinction as a creative physicist and a life-long leader in the defence of human rights. Orlov spent 10 years in a Soviet gulag. It was largely the solidarity of international physicists, exemplified by the "Save Yuri Orlov" campaign, that forced the Soviet government to release Orlov in 1986.

Left to right: Dan Freedman, Peter van Nieuwenhuizen and Sergio Ferrara, after the award of the Dannie Heineman Prize. Left to right: Mikhail Shifman, winner of the Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize; Savas Dimopoulos, winner of the J J Sakurai Prize; and Yuri Orlov, recipient of the first Andrei Sakharov Prize.

Glasmacher and Kovchegov win Sackler prize

Two researchers working in nuclear and particle physics have won the 2006 Raymond and Beverly Sackler Prize in the Physical Sciences. Thomas Glasmacher (top) of Michigan State University is rewarded for developing new sensitive methods of studying nuclear structure utilizing Coulomb excitation with fast beams of rare isotopes. Yuri Kovchegov of Ohio State University receives his share of the prize for a number of ground-breaking contributions to theoretical understanding of quantum chromodynamics at very high energies and gluon densities.

The Sackler Prize supports dedication to science, originality and excellence, and is intended for young scientists who have made outstanding and fundamental contributions in their fields. Prizes are awarded each year in either physics or chemistry.

JINR rewards Vladimir Kadyshevsky

At a recent session of the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of the governments of JINR member states, JINR scientific leader Vladimir Kadyshevsky (right) won the Nikolai Nikolaevich Bogoliubov Prize for 2003-2005 for his outstanding contribution to theoretical physics and the development of new algebraic and geometrical approaches to the formulation of quantum field theory. He is seen here with the JINR director, Alexei Sissakian.

Robert Aymar wins 2006 energy prize

CERN's director-general Robert Aymar is one of three laureates to win the 2006 Global Energy International Prize for "the development of the scientific and engineering foundation for the ITER project". ITER will be built at Cadarache, France, and will show the scientific and technological feasibility of a full-scale fusion power reactor. The other laureates, who worked with Aymar on the project, are former president of the ITER Council, Evgeny Velikhov, and Masaji Yoshikawa, ITER's former vice-president. Aymar headed ITER from 1994 to 2003.

Founded in 2002 and awarded annually since 2003, the Global Energy prize is for outstanding theoretical, experimental and applied research, development, inventions and discoveries in energy development and power generation. Russian president Vladimir Putin will make the award in St Petersburg at the G8 summit on 14 June.